Types of dating methods in archaeology

It was a family industry, continuing through generations.Clay pits were usually dug quite close to the kiln, on the peasant's croft or common.

types of dating methods in archaeology-59

The following is a basic introduction to pottery in archaeology, focusing particularly on the ceramics of the medieval period.

The bibliography at the end provides references to more detailed and comprehensive sources.

However, in the Middle and Late Saxon period (mid-7th to 11th centuries), many potteries were based in towns.

Kilns are divided into single, double and multi-flue types. Several experimental kiln firings have been carried out.

Firing was a slow process to raise the temperature gradually to 1000°C. Few workshops have been excavated, but most consist of buildings and sheds which were probably used to store the raw materials and leather-hard pots, as well as a manufacturing area.

The same basic techniques were used and the same types of vessel were produced in different areas, but the pottery has a regional character.

The main requirements of the industry were: This means that production sites were generally situated on clay subsoils near woodland in rural areas.

Rural potteries probably only operated part-time and the potters were peasants who spent most of their time farming.

Whilst some areas, such as Cornwall, continued to import fine pottery from the Continent, other areas reverted to handmade vessels in similar forms to those of the pre-Roman Iron Age.

Plain cooking vessels and decorated 'urns' were again common.

Multi-flue types were also used later, allowing greater capacity and needing peat or coal as fuel.

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